Mosquito foggers are an efficient way of killing mosquitoes. They can help you enjoy your time outside without getting mosquito bites. But to use a mosquito fogger, you don’t only need the device itself but also an insecticide. This insecticide is what will actually kill and repel the mosquitoes.
But what exactly is an insecticide and what it is made of?
What is an insecticide?
An insecticide is a substance (often a liquid) that kills, damages, or repels insects. Some not only kill most adult insects, but are also powerful enough to eradicate eggs and larvae. In your garden, backyard, house, garage, or any other area, the right kind of insecticide allows you to be confident that you’ve successfully exterminated your target insects.
Where are insecticides used?
There are many kinds of insecticides on the market. Fields like agriculture, medicine, and so on rely on these products. This is because these substances help people get rid of more than just annoying insects. They also reduce those pests that carry infectious diseases, which can cause illness in humans and animals.
What are the different classes of insecticide?
There are six main classes (types) of insecticides.
These insecticides kill pests by opening sodium channels in the insect’s nerve cells. The most well-known insecticide in this category is DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane).
Organophosphates and Carbamates
This category of insecticides also kills on contact by targeting the insect’s nervous system. They inactivate a specific enzyme necessary for nerve function. They have a much shorter duration than the prior category and, therefore, aren’t as efficient.
Pyrethroids are synthetic insecticides that mimic the natural insecticides found in chrysanthemum flowers. Similarly to organochlorines, they act on sodium channels in the nervous system. Because they present low toxicity to mammals, this type of insecticide is often used inside the home.
As the name suggests, these insecticides are similar to nicotine, which is kind of a natural insecticide. Neonicotinoids, however, are synthetic. They also act on the nervous system of insects, making them widely applicable. This class of insecticides is highly toxic to bees, so must be used with extreme caution.
This is another synthetic insecticide that resembles a natural insecticide: the ryanodine found in tropical trees. These insecticides target the insect’s skeletal muscle and calcium channels. They kill by blocking nerve transmission.
This type of insecticide is a transgenic crop that you plant in the area you want insect free. Even though it isn’t widely used, they are likely to increase given their lower toxicity to non-target animals.
What insecticides are best for mosquito control?
Specifically, two of the previously mentioned classes produce mosquito insecticides: organophosphate and pyrethroids.
An insecticide called malathion is an organophosphate. In addition to mosquito control, malathion controls agricultural pests. This insecticide is low in toxicity to humans and pets. Head lice treatment solutions often contain malathion.
Another popular insecticide is permethrin, which is a pyrethroid. It kills mosquitoes very efficiently and poses little danger to humans or our pets. It is highly toxic to fish and bees, however, so be careful when using it around waterways and bee-pollinated plants.
In addition to these two mosquito insecticides are also the pyrethroids resmethrin (product name: Scourge) and sumithrin (product name: Anvil). Mosquito control products often contain these since they achieve good results.