Mosquito foggers are super-efficient way of killing mosquitoes and overall enjoying time outside without getting mosquito bites. But to use a mosquito fogger you need not only the device itself but also insecticide that will actually be the thing that kills and repels the mosquitoes. But what exactly is insecticide and what it is made out of?
Insecticide basically is a liquid that is used to kill all kinds of insects. The great thing about this substance is that it can kill not only most adult insects, but it is so powerful that is able to eradicate also insect eggs and larvae, for a larger assurance that the insect you want to exterminate are gone from your space weather it is garden, backyard, house, garage or some other area.
There are many kind of insecticides on the market, as insecticide is used not only in agriculture, but also in medicine and other industries, because it can help get rid of not just annoying insects but those pests that actually carry infectious deceases and can cause illnesses to humans and animals.
There are six main classes if different insecticides:
- Organochlorides – these insecticides work by opening sodium channels in the insect nerve cells and killing them that way. Best known insecticide in this category is DDT or dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane.
- Organophosphates and carbamates – this is another insecticide category in which all the insecticides kill upon contact targeting insect nerve system. They are similar to previous category but have much shorter duration and therefore aren’t as efficient.
- Pyrethroids – these are insecticides that are very similar to pesticides. The good thing about this class of insecticide is that it has a natural component to it (a form of a natural insecticide found in chrysanthemum flowers) so the insecticide is not all chemical and is less toxic. Most often this type of insecticide is used for pests and insects that can be found inside our homes.
- Neonicotinoids – just as the name suggests, these insecticides are similar to nicotine, which is kind of a natural insecticide (great news to all smokers out there). This type of insecticide has very rapid action so will be very efficient and good for quick fix, but it also is chemical, so won’t be suitable for those who want more natural solution.
- Ryanoids – this insecticide type is also synthetic insecticide made to resemble a natural insecticide – ryanodine found in tropical trees. These insecticides target insect skeletal muscle and calcium channels, killing them by blocking their nerve transmission.
- Plant – incorporated protectants – this type of insecticide is transgenic crop that is planted in the area you want insect free. Although is isn’t widely used, scientist say that it may soon replace other insecticides, because pests quickly are developing resistance from them.
Specifically mosquito insecticides are produced in two of previously mentioned classes – organophosphate and pyrethroids. Insecticide called Malathion is an organophosphate that mostly is used when treating crops, because it is sprayed directly to the vegetation. To use it in a fog form you will need 5% solution of it. This insecticide isn’t also harmful to humans or pets, moreover Malathion is also used in head lice treating solutions. The other popular insecticide is Permethrin, which is a pyrethroid. It is also able to very efficiently kill mosquitoes and isn’t harmful to us or our pets, however it might be toxic to fish and bees so be careful if you have those. In addition to these two mosquito insecticides there are also Scourge and Anvil that are very commonly used in mosquito control and have proven to give good results.